AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is the most advanced stage of HIV (Human Immuno Virus) infection. The terms AIDS and HIV do not describe the same disease. People with HIV will not develop AIDS if they start their treatment course soon after the infection.
When HIV infection progresses to AIDS, the patient’s immune system will become extremely weak. In case you test positive for HIV, get top quality AIDS help.
Sexual intercourse with an HIV-infected person and sharing needles and syringes, or similar drug injection equipment with HIV-infected people are the common ways in which HIV is transmitted. Let us explore some ways to prevent HIV infection.
Practice Safe Sex
Using condoms during sex and following safe sexual practices can prevent the risk of HIV transmission. You may also practice abstinence to eliminate even the slightest risk of contracting HIV through sexual intercourse.
People who are at high risk of HIV infection can take PrEP (Pre-exposure prophylaxis), a medication that can prevent HIV from sexual intercourse. However, if you are not taking it as prescribed, it is not going to be very effective.
Having other diseases that are sexually transmitted can increase the risk of contracting HIV. If you are already diagnosed with an STD, get the right treatment for it to lower your chances of getting HIV.
Never Share Injection Needles And Syringes
Every time you get an injection, ensure that the needle is clean and new. Never use the same needle twice.
Avoid injecting drugs because there is an increased risk of contracting HIV due to this action. If you share needles or drug injection equipment with an HIV-infected person, you may get HIV. If you have a substance abuse disorder, get expert help from a counselor or doctor, and treat the condition before it claims your health and even your life.
Situations like a condom breaking or suffering sexual assault could expose you to an HIV infection. PEP (Post -Exposure Prophylaxis) is a medicine that you can take to prevent HIV infection after recent exposure to the virus. It has to be started within 72 hours after possible exposure and you will have to take PEP daily for 28 days.
Prevent Transmission From Mother To Baby
Getting tested at the earliest and starting treatment when you are tested positive is the key to preventing mother-to-baby HIV transmission.
If you are HIV positive and take medication throughout your pregnancy and childbirth, the risk of transmitting HIV to your baby can be reduced to 1% or less. Breast milk of HIV patients may contain HIV and hence they should avoid breastfeeding.
As HIV has no cure, taking adequate preventive measures is very important to avoid infection.